Attunement: A Solution Without A Problem

In my explorations of 5th edition I was a little surprised when I encountered the rule of magic item attunement. In my attempt to keep an open mind and explore the system before monkeying with it I ruled it as written. Now having seen it in action in several instances, I think I can formally say this is a terrible rule.

Before we get into it, let’s look at what the books have to say. To start, here’s an excerpt that I think covers the important mechanics of the rule:

Attuning to an item requires a creature to spend a short rest focused on only that item while being in physical contact with it (this can’t be the same short rest used to learn the item’s properties). This focus can take the form of weapon practice (for a weapon), meditation (for a wondrous item), or some other appropriate activity. If the short rest is interrupted, the attunement attempt fails. Otherwise, at the end of the short rest, the creature gains an intuitive understanding of how to activate any magical properties of the item, including any necessary command words.

5e DMG, p. 138

OK, rolled in there we see the default rule of magic item identification – take a short rest (1 hour) and you know everything about the item. Really? I can’t stand this. It not only nullifies the enjoyment of identification through experimentation, but it even renders pointless other existing rules (eg. the spell Identify). Personally I think the former is a stronger argument and the same argument I’d use against the Identify spell existing at all, but for some reason folks I talk to take the “it ruins an existing spell” argument a bit more seriously and I guess I’ll take what I can get.

So, most folks think the major point of this spell is to limit over-abundance of magic items by imposing a per-character maximum (3 attunements at a time) and to prevent players from sharing around a magic item in an unbalancing way. In fact, they give these arguments because we’re out-right told them later on right in the DMG, in its advice on when to require attunement when creating custom magic items:

Decide whether the item requires a character to be attuned to it to use its properties. Use these rules of thumb to help you decide:
* If having all the characters in a party pass an item around to gain its lasting benefts would be disruptive, the item should require attunement.
* If the item grants a bonus that other items also grant, it’s a good idea to require attunement so that characters don’t try to collect too many of those items.

5e DMG, p. 285

I think that’s all bunk. First of all, as DMs we already have our hands fully on the throttle for how many magic items the world and the players have. Secondly, I can’t think of a single magic item that breaks the game by having the party share it around. What are we thinking of here, a ring of regeneration? In my own campaign I introduced a ring of regeneration which was even more valuable than you’d already assume because my critical effects had left many party members missing a limb, and it was the only way they had discovered to grow one back. I balanced it by simply changing its form factor, a technique I love for a variety of reasons. In this case it became an incredibly fragile crown of thorny branches, which the party ended up building a protective chest for and defending like it was another party member. Taking the thing out during a high-stress situation (eg. combat) was incredibly dicey, and actually added a lot of good tension to the game. It certainly wasn’t “disruptive”. Is there some other magic item anyone can think of that’s “disruptive” to share around? I’m really drawing a blank on this one.

Unfortunately the limits are not the only thing introduced with attunement – you also get the implied easy identification as mentioned before, plus you get a weird problem of adding a time delay between obtaining the item and seeing its effects. This actually breaks some interesting ideas for magic items, especially cursed ones. For example, in a recent game I played in the party found a magic sword stuck into a block, and a skeletal hand lying on the ground in front of it. Turns out the hand was a clue — the sword was cursed such that anyone picking it up could never put it down again. The previous owner had clearly chosen to sever their own hand to rid themselves of the thing.

That’s not even my creation, but I think it’s pretty clever and I’d hate to ruin it. How is it supposed to work with attunement? Does the stickiness not actually happen until the user attunes the item? But then the sword could get passed around before someone gets stuck with it — that really kind of ruins some of the flavor of the item. You can even see this in an item as simple as a ring of feather fall. The idea that a player could be wearing it and suffer a damaging fall because they haven’t attuned it yet feels ludicrous. It also takes away an amusing scene of having the character drift to the ground of the next pit trap they trigger, as well as the sense of reward for risking putting the ring on in the first place (it could have been cursed) and walking around with it in case a beneficial effect reveals itself later.

So that’s a lot of negatives – what are the positive again? Oh right, magic items are more special now because we’ve artificially enforced their rarity, a thing I could have already done during the content creation part of my game. Also I thing I could fix through in-game events (a special location only accessible by sacrificing a magic item, an enemy that destroys magic items, someone steals their item to use/destroy/whatever). In fact, the more I think about this, the more I think this problem only really comes up for a certain type of play — organized play.

I bet you this rule was put in place for things like Adventure League, where a given character is overseen by not one but many DMs, none of whom actually coordinate their efforts in any way other than their agreement to abide by certain standards. But couldn’t we then have relegated this rule to the standards used by that system? I mean, surely organized play like Adventure League already has a list of “standardized house rules” or some such, right? Can’t this go there and stop screwing with my campaign?

The loose guide-lines given above for deciding whether a new item should or should not require attunement plus the seemingly random distribution of which items in the DMG require it leave me feeling like this rule is little more than a band-aid over poor design. Furthermore, it feels very “video-game” to me, despite their attempts to fictionalize what it represents. I cannot find any good reason to want to continue to use it, and in my own games I’m very tempted to just strike it entirely.

Add it to the list right next to attacks of opportunity… but that’s a topic for another blog.


20 thoughts on “Attunement: A Solution Without A Problem

  1. It’s totally for the _ring of regeneration_. I came here to say basically that and you scooped me. 🙂

    So attunement is required for some items but not others (kind hate that that text needs to be glued onto half of all the items). Do you have any overall sense for what types of items fall in which class? Are they also trying to find a crude way of replacing the 3E bonus-stacking categories?

    1. Based on some very rudimentary searches on, I cannot find any systemized way of categorizing what does or does not require attunement. It looks like pretty much a 50/50 split across all items, and just now searching for “armor” with and without attunement, I get close to a 50/50 split.

      Is it trying to replace the 3e bonus stacking categories? Maybe? Probably?

  2. >Is there some other magic item anyone can think of that’s “disruptive” to share around?

    The Deck of Many Things. >:-(

    I hate that thing.

    I think the caveat about disruptive items is more advice for DMs making their own items, rather than ones from the DMG or other sources. An example of this might be a belt that casts Bull’s Strength on the wearer when the command word is uttered; absent a times/day limitation or an attunement mechanic, there would be little reason to not pass the thing around before battle.

    You may have also overlooked an important parenthetical:
    “(this can’t be the same short rest used to learn the item’s properties)”

    This says to me that identification is not part and parcel of the attunement process, but must instead be performed beforehand; this statement implies that you need to know you need to attune to it in order to attune to it. This doesn’t satisfy your “identification through experimentation” complaint, but it does seem to address your complaint of the process obviating Identify.

    I, personally, have never had much use for the idea of using an unknown magic item to determine what it is; this is a world where putting on an otherwise-innocuous necklace can lead to death by strangulation, where your spear can bend around to hit you in the back, where shapeshifting tomes can blast your mental stats, and where even otherwise-not-cursed items can cripple or kill you if you touch them while being the wrong class or alignment. There’s no way I, as an adventuring PC, would consider using an item until it had been fully vetted unless some truly weird extenuating circumstance came up; now that Identify is a ritual, the party mage doesn’t even need to spend a spell slot on it anymore; it can be cast over a short rest, further reducing the need for us to drag it back to town to figure out what we’ve collected.

    1. But, the deck of many things does not require attunement, and once a card is drawn it ceases to exist. Isn’t the fun of an item like this all about everyone getting a draw from it? I totally understand if you don’t want something that truly random (presumably you also equally dislike wand of wonder?) But I don’t think it becomes any better by limiting access to a single party member.

      I was aware of the parenthetical, I only meant to point out that the text specifically calls out the other rule which I did not directly reference. In fact the idea that they’re not the same makes me extra annoyed – now I have to wait 2 hours before the item starts doing its thing? No thanks.

      And yes, I totally use the “it negates Identify” as a dodge. I personally dislike the Identify spell entirely, but if I must submit to it at least I can use it as an argument against attunement.

      There’s no way I, as an adventuring PC, would consider using an item until it had been fully vetted…

      Hmm, I’d say it doesn’t sound like you’re an “adventuring PC” at all. 😉

  3. 5e is so by the book. It’s made for people who can’t home brew or refuse to do it. For people who will stop their game tweet at wizards to ask for a ruling. For people weaned on video games where there’s a set path to go through before you “win.” I swear this generation is the most obedient (I mean that as an insult) there has ever been.

    So of course they need a rule to tell them who can and can’t use an item, and how to learn about it. Eff personal agency and eff creativity. GIVE US THE RULE!! It’s asinine and not just for the reasons you have stated.

    1. I might argue that that type of player has been around since 1974. I seem to recall regular eye-rolls coming out the “Letters to the Editor” section of Dragon magazine when asked to be exacting about the rules.

      1. I remember those letters too and read them with interest. It’s a relative thing – there are gamers in all ages like this but no cohort on average is more regimented and obedient than millies.

  4. I agree it seems an odd mechanic, I think you’re right about the Adventure League and consistency in organised play.

    If they missed off the “the creature gains an intuitive understanding…” it would be fine but I do agree that discovery is much more exciting for all involved. Perhaps it’s so parties without access to Identify don’t get penalised, but in which case why not just get them to quest for the information?

    1. For me “gaining an intuitive understand” is less bad than the hour-plus delay in magic item manifesting its magic. I say “plus” because of course nothing requires the PC to attune to the thing, so they could be walking around for days with a magic item that has been made inert thanks to a silly game mechanic.

      1. Oh. It’s not that at all. I don’t pop over here just because you’re talking 0e or B/X (sometimes). You have good thoughts and insights into the game and I appreciate your perspective.

        But my knee-jerk (and totally unhelpful) reaction to any 5E-related complaint is “why waste time with this game, again?” That’s all I meant, really. I’ve done my own work with “magic item attunement” back before 5E was published (see posts on my blog re “Land of Ice”), but mine was based on the setting lore, heavily inspired by M.Z. Bradley’s Darkover books, and not related to a game mechanic of identifying magic items.

        5E’s designers have a way of sucking the magic and wonder (and soul) out of fantasy.

  5. At least some of them are based around the “bounded accuracy” system goal, for example a ring of protection is an attunement item because it’s a non-armor piece that raises AC. Many of the rest seem to just be a soft cap on character power, preventing one from using more than three of the most powerful items simultaneously.

    1. I think it’s totally reasonable to try and prevent abuse of stacking multiple powerful items. I also think you could do it without a single generic rule that bring along so much extra baggage.

      1. I think the biggest issue isn’t the mechanic itself but the length of the short rest. It feels like it was designed for 4E where a short rest is only 5 minutes. I’ll note that in the Exalted system by White Wolf, almost all magic items of even modest power require attunement, except for one-use items, but it only takes a few minutes, and it takes a full day of not wearing or even touching the item to break attunement. Limits are imposed because you have to devote some of your Essence to each attunement, though that’s obviously not something D&D could easily copy.

  6. I tend to agree that the given reasons are not very good, though I do think the “pass around” reason has some legitimacy. Where passing around a given item would substantially multiply its power or enhance the entire party rather than just the owner, I can see an argument for limiting it in this way.

    For example, in my current campaign, three such items the party possesses are Boots of Levitation, a Sentinel Shield, and a Periapt of Wound Closure. If these could simply be passed around without attunement, the entire party could pass the boots around to levitate up or down a pit or ledge without recourse to climbing or rope, the shield could be similarly passed around to enhance every shift on watch, and the party could take (time allowing) two hour short rests to double the value of both the front line fighters’ hit dice. I’m happy with attunement for all of these, as with the by-the-book Ring of Regeneration, to limit the items utility to enhancing a single character at a time.

    1. I still think we would have been better served with custom limits on these specific items, rather than a wide-sweeping and often cumbersome generic system.

      Maybe those boots of levitation only come in size 9, and that periapt only activates on elf blood.

      1. Perhaps. I’m fine with Attunement as a one-size-fits-most answer. I do think they went overboard in how many items require it.

        Similarly to how I feel about Concentration spells. It feels like they took that too far too; some spells really shouldn’t require it which currently do.

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